Periodontitis (parodontitis) is an infection which affectsthe gums and the bone which supports the teeth, which can result in tooth loss.
Periodontitis is caused by millions of bacteria which live in our mouth and multiply due to poor hygiene. The stats show that 30% to 40% people have this disease, which is one of themost common causes of tooth loss among adults.
Unfortunately, periodontitis is a vicious disease, which often comes with mild symptoms, which is why most people don’t even know they have it until it is too late.
If you have noticed certain symptoms of a disease on your teeth and gums, talk to the specialist in our polyclinic, which is specialized for periodontal treatment.
Dental plaque is a colourless slimy deposit which accumulates on teeth and other parts of the oral cavity. Since the oral saliva is its basis, it cannot be removed by rinsing the mouth as it is formed only several minutes after washing your teeth, i.e. it is accumulated even when the food is not ingested.
Dental tartar is the mineralized dental plaque and it occurs when dental salts are deposited into the dental plaque. The minerals in the dental tartar come from the saliva, among which the predominant elements are calcium, phosphorous and magnesium. The mineralization process of the dental plaque happens relatively quickly - after 12 to 14 days. The speed primarily depends of contents of saliva and oral hygiene. Dental plaque as one of the causes of periodontitis creates retention places for accumulation of plaque and prevents self-cleaning and maintenance of oral hygiene. It also increases the mechanical pressure onto the free gingiva, which leads to receding gums.
Anatomic anomalies have an important role in occurrence and progress of periodontitis. Anomalies of tooth form refer to poorly formed teeth crowns, which result in increased accumulation of plaque. Anomalies of tooth position refer to different orthodontic anomalies of one or more teeth, as well as different irregular relations between the upper and the lower jaw. Such anomalies are prone teeth, teeth compressed, higher switching, open bite.
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